Как да се справим с повишеното кръвно налягане през летните горещини?

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(1) Armstrong, L.E. and E.C. Johnson, Water Intake, Water Balance, and the Elusive Daily Water Requirement. Nutrients, 2018. 10(12): p. 192 Water is essential for metabolism, substrate transport across membranes, cellular homeostasis, temperature regulation, and circulatory function. Using plasma AVP concentration to analyze multiple published data sets that included both men and women, we determined that a mild neuroendocrine defense of body water commences when TWI is ˂1.8 L/24h, that 19–71% of adults in various countries consume less than this TWI each day, and consuming less than the 24-h water AI may influence the risk of dysfunctional metabolism and chronic diseases. 

(2) Suryawanshi, J.A.S., An overview of Citrus aurantium used in treatment of various diseases. African Journal of Plant Science, 2011. 5(7): p. 390-395 The most important biologically active constituents of the C. aurantium fruits are phenethylamine alkaloids octopamine, synephrine, tyramine, N-methyltyramine and hordenine. It is rich in vitamin C, flavonoids and volatile oil. Synephrine is a primary synthesis compound with pharmacological activities such as vasoconstriction, elevation of blood pressure and relaxation of bronchial muscle. 

(3) Monge, A., et al., Avocado consumption is associated with a reduction in hypertension incidence in Mexican women. Br J Nutr, 2023. 129(11): p. 1976-1983.10.1017/s0007114522002690 Avocado is a fruit rich in dietary fibre, potassium, Mg, mono and PUFA and bioactive phytochemicals, which are nutritional components that have been associated with cardiovascular health. Frequent consumption of avocado was associated with a lower incidence of hypertension.  

(4) Jovanovski, E., et al., Effect of Spinach, a High Dietary Nitrate Source, on Arterial Stiffness and Related Hemodynamic Measures: A Randomized, Controlled Trial in Healthy Adults. Clin Nutr Res, 2015. 4(3): p. 160-7.10.7762/cnr.2015.4.3.160 The present preliminary study has demonstrated promising potential for dietary nitrate to improve vascular health, as seen by decreased arterial stiffness and central BP, which in healthy individuals may be more accurate prognostic indicators of cardiovascular health than brachial BP. Overall, this study provides support to the potential use of whole food, un-concentrated dietary nitrate found in natural, commonly consumed vegetables like spinach, as an effective way to aid in maintenance of cardiovascular health. 

(5) Vendrame, S., T.E. Adekeye, and D. Klimis-Zacas, The Role of Berry Consumption on Blood Pressure Regulation and Hypertension: An Overview of the Clinical Evidence. Nutrients, 2022. 14(13).10.3390/nu14132701 The existence of a relationship between the consumption of dietary berries and blood pressure reduction in humans has been repeatedly hypothesized and documented by an increasing body of epidemiological and clinical evidence that has accumulated in recent years. 

(6) Wolak, T., et al., Effect of Tomato Nutrient Complex on Blood Pressure: A Double Blind, Randomized Dose⁻Response Study. Nutrients, 2019. 11(5).10.3390/nu11050950 Tomato carotenoids such as lycopene and the colorless carotenoids phytoene and phytofluene induce the antioxidant defense mechanism. TNC containing 15 mg and 30 mg lycopene was well tolerated and showed efficacy in reducing SBP in the HT population, while lower doses and standalone pure lycopene were not sufficient to induce similar effects. 

(7) Buendia, J.R., et al., Long-term yogurt consumption and risk of incident hypertension in adults. J Hypertens, 2018. 36(8): p. 1671-1679.10.1097/hjh.0000000000001737 Yogurt is a form of dairy with high concentrations of casein and whey proteins, as well as calcium, magnesium, and potassium, all of which have been linked with BP-lowering effects in animal studies and some observational and experimental human studies.  

(8) Stowe, C.B., The effects of pomegranate juice consumption on blood pressure and cardiovascular health. Complement Ther Clin Pract, 2011. 17(2): p. 113-5.10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.09.004 Pomegranate juice is rich in tannins, possesses anti-atherosclerotic properties, has anti-aging effects, and potent anti-oxidative characteristics. Pomegranate juice consumption may reduce systolic blood pressure, inhibits serum ACE activity, and is convincingly a heart-healthy fruit. Pomegranate juice consumption inhibits serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and reduces systolic blood pressure. 

(9) Huang, H., et al., Effects of Berries Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Meta-analysis with Trial Sequential Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Scientific Reports, 2016. 6(1): p. 23625.10.1038/srep23625 Berries are rich in a number of polyphenols, including procyanidins, quercetin, phenolic acids, and particularly anthocyanins. Accumulating evidence has shown that ingestion of berries display a wide range of biological activities in lowering the risk of CVD. The current evidence suggests that berries consumption might be utilized as a possible new effective and safe supplementary option to better prevent and control CVD in humans.